A home security system, just as the name suggests, refers to a collection of inter-networked security components, features, and devices that are installed to protect a home. The various electronic devices of the system have a central control panel that works as the primary controller of the entire system. Some of the components of a home security system include window and door sensors, security cameras, interior, and exterior motion sensors, and a high-decibel alarm or siren.
Components of a Home Security System
The most basic concept of a home security system is of securing all entry points of a home by using sensors placed at strategic places. The system can also protect open spaces in the house, such as a room where valuables or delicate items are kept. Below is a brief description of how each of the system components works.
The control panel does the job of arming and disarming the system. It also enables communication among all the installed components of the security system and triggers the alarm or siren in case of a security breach. In addition to all that, the control panel sends relevant information to an alarm monitoring company.
Most of the control panels have a touch pad, which allows natural interaction and programming of the system. The pass-codes to arm or disarm the system are also entered via the touch pad. The more modern versions allow for voice and remote control.
Window and Door Sensors
The window and door sensors are made up of two parts. One of the parts is installed on the frame of the door or window while the other one is installed on the movable window or door. When the window or door is opened, the two parts are disjointed, which is detected as a breach. In such a case, the alarm goes off, and a notification is sent to alarm monitoring experts.
The motion sensors are typically used for protecting open spaces. They create an invisible zone that will sound the alarm any time that there is a breach. Any motion within the zone is detected as a breach.
The surveillance cameras are used to allow live monitoring and recording of various places within your property. The video feed from the cameras can be accessed remotely via a computer or smartphone.
The primary purpose of the alarm or siren is to alert the people inside the home of any security breach as well as to scare the intruder away. It can also serve to notify the neighbors of what is going on.